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Dr. Mathangi Arun & Associates | Optometrists

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Have Regular Eye Exams


An eye test is not just good for checking whether your glasses are up to date. It's also a vital check on the health of your eyes.


An eye test can pick up eye diseases, such as glaucoma and cataracts, as well as general health problems, including diabetes and high blood pressure. It is recommended that children and seniors have their eyes tested once a year and adults every two years. Routine eye exams are the best way to prevent eye disease and preserve your vision health. 

Age Related Eye Problems*


  • Difficulty reading – eye muscles start to weaken from the age of 40. You'll probably need separate reading glasses or an addition to your prescription lenses. 


  • ​​Floaters – these tiny specks or spots that float across your vision are normally harmless. If they persist, see an optometrist as it may also be a sign of an underlying health condition.


  • Cataracts – easily detected in an eye test, this gradual clouding of the eye's lens is very common in adults aged over 60.


  • Glaucoma – this is related to an increase in pressure in the eye that leads to damage of the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. If it’s not treated, glaucoma leads to tunnel vision and ultimately, blindness. 


  • Macular degeneration (MD) – Painless loss of central vision, affecting the ability to see fine detail, drive, read and recognize faces. The earlier the disease is detected, the more vision you are likely to retain.

How to keep your eyes healthy?*


  • Eat well – Eating plenty of vegetables and fruit will benefit your overall health and may help protect against some conditions such as cataracts and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
  • Wear sunglasses with UV filter– strong sunlight can damage your eyes and may increase your risk of cataracts. 
  • Quit smoking – smoking can increase your chances of developing conditions such as cataracts and AMD.
  • Stay a healthy weight – being overweight increases your risk of diabetes, which can lead to sight loss.
  • Use good lighting – Increase the daylight in your home by keeping windows clean and curtains pulled back. 
  • Exercise – good circulation and oxygen intake are important for our eye health. 
  • Sleep well – as you sleep, your eyes are continuously lubricated and irritants, such as dust or smoke that may have accumulated during the day are cleared out. ​

Eye health questions answered by Dr. Arun in Tamil

When To Have An Eye Exam?



Age Group
Recommendation*

Birth - 24mos
 
First eye exam should be between the ages of 6 and 9 months 
2 yrs - 5yrs     
 At least one eye exam between the ages of 2 and 5 years
6 yrs - 19 yrs 
 An eye examination annually
20 yrs - 64 yrs  
 An eye examination every 2 years
65  or older
 An eye examination annually



Specia​l Case
Recom​mendation*
Diabetes Type II, I
An eye examination annually, more often if eye disease is present


* Deviations from guidelines for specifics reasons are possible





*Source: Ontarion Association of Optometstrist, Canadian Association of Optometrist, National Institute for the Blind